Sam received his BS in Zoology from the University of Oklahoma, and has completed three years of his MD program at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Upon completion of a PhD in the History of Medicine, he will finish his medical degree. Sam plans to pursue a career as a clinician, historian, and policy advocate. His research more generally focuses on the historical intersections among psychiatry, law, political economy, and the carceral state. Sam’s dissertation will focus on the history of twentieth century North American psychiatric jurisprudence and the formation of medicolegal categories for personality disorders. He is ultimately interested in how these changing diagnoses have shaped mentally ill offenders’ trajectories between psychiatric care and the prison system.